The Peloponnesian War was a lengthy conflict between Athens and Sparta. The war pitted Greece’s two most powerful city-states against each other – Athens and Sparta – in a struggle for control over the entire Greek-speaking world that would last for nearly three decades, leaving both sides decimated and vulnerable to other enemies. To explain the Peloponnesian War first have to go through some of the important events that happened during that time. Historians have traditionally divided the war … Although the conflict lasted for 28 years, and caused huge economic, political, and societal problems for both Athens and Sparta as well… This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. In 418 BC, the largest land battle of the war took place in the Peloponnese at Mantinea. Thucydides, who wrote about this war in his book “The History of the Peloponnesian War”, is … It took place from 431-404 BC. Sparta was going to accept peace… but Persia suddenly gave Sparta lots of money and boats to absolutely destroy the Athenians. Sparta disliked Tyrannical governments and often replaced or helped replace governments with a group, oligarchic rule. Summary. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. the reason i said that most likely sparta will win the war in AC anyway is because the AC series usually do not change the outcome of major historical events. When one looks at the resources and expiriences of both Sparta and Athens, it seems almost certain that Athens would come out victorious. Athens After the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides’ The Peloponnesian War Part 1. The outcomes of the war caused a big change in ancient Greek. added to Macedonia conquered all of Greece. It was fought in 5th century BC between the democratic Athens and the Peloponnesian League led by oligarchic Sparta.Lasting for more than a quarter of a century, it marked the end of the golden age of Greece. The Peloponnesian War and Athenian Life. About This Quiz & Worksheet. The Peloponnesian War was fought between 431 and 404 bc . The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) was one of the greatest events in the Hellenic world, as it decided the fate of Greek culture. Causes of the Peloponnesian War Athens and Sparta formed . Here are 10 interesting facts about the causes, outcome, effects and history of this historic ancient Greek war. Interesting Facts about the Peloponnesian War. The war was followed by the Thirty Year’s Peace although in reality hostilities never fully ceased and broke out into full war once again from 431 BCE. It was a struggle for power between the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta . The Peloponnesian War: War and Empire. many indirect events during the tension following the Thirty Years Peace; Corcyra, friends with Athens, broke off from Corinth, friends with Sparta, and Corinth fears Corcyra's power; Megara and Athens have an issue and Megara complains to Sparta; society is aching for war because the new generation hears glory stories of the Persian War Key events of the First Peloponnesian War in 454BCE Athens is defeated attempting to support the Greek colonists in Egypt who are fighting the Persians. At this time some of the Peloponnesian League cities decided to rebel against Sparta, and were helped by Argos, the long-time enemy of Sparta, and by Athens. Athens was the greatest sea power, and Sparta the greatest land power in 5th century BC Greece. 50). ... How the persians helped to make Athens' final defeat. Athens’ steady rise and subsequent dominance as a Greek power leading up to the commencement of the Peloponnesian War is described by Thucydides through the events of the Pentecontaetia; a period that saw the steady advancement of the Athenian empire around the Mediterranean.Anticipating the fear this rise in power would generate in her enemies, Athens engaged … The "long walls" of Athens were around 4 ½ miles long each. In the year 431 B.C.E, the Peloponnesian War began. The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). 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